Muhammad Ali Pate, MD, is Visiting Professor at the Duke University’s Global Health Institute. He served as Minister of State for Health of the Federal Republic of Nigeria from 2011 to 2013. Prior to his ministerial appointment he served as the Chief Executive of Nigeria’s National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA) from 2008-2011. Dr Pate spent several years at the World Bank Group in Washington, D.C., which included serving as the Senior Health Specialist and Human Development Sector Coordinator in the East Asia Pacific Region and also as a Senior Health Specialist in the African Region. Dr Pate is an American Board Certified MD in Internal Medicine. He trained in sub-specialty of Infectious Diseases at the University of Rochester, NY, holds an MBA from Duke University, and a Masters in Health System Management from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine UK. He graduated with a medical degree from the Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria in 1990.